How To Run Speaker Wire Through Walls And Ceilings?
Now it's not much of a work when you have to set up the speaker or plug in the cord. The real tension intensifies when it's time for wiring.
To most people, running speaker wire through the walls or ceilings is equivalent to making a rocketship for NASA. No folks, don't go so hard on yourself. Running wires may seem complicated but it ain't rocket science.
Seems like a big deal? Don't worry. If you do the work following the right steps, you'll see, it's not that hard.
So, where shall we begin?
1. Do You Have The Permission?
Now, first things first. Are you permitted for this work?
Wiring is a serious job since its related to electricity and some states have strict law for this. So, this thing needs to be confirmed first, if your state gives you the permission to act on this action or not.
In case it's illegal in your state, you have to leave the whole thing to a professional.
If you have the permission, it's time for the next step: the place where you're gonna run the wires, who does it belong to?
You can do whatever you want if you're the owner of your house. But as a tenant, you have to take the landlord's permission first, and you can start working only when your landlord is fine with it.
Even when you're doing it on your own, hire a system designer or conductor for help.
2. Things That Will Be Necessary
Now, as always, somethings will be required to get the job done. So, you have to arrange them first.
For different steps, you'll need different things. So, you gotta think about the future steps, and what will be necessary to accomplish them. Well, since you don't know the steps, it's our duty to tell you about the required stuffs.
Since it's a wiring job, a few tools will be needed of course. Collect the needed tools.
You'll need measuring tape for wire measurement. Drill and hammer for pinning, beating and bending. Stud finder for investigation. Zip ties and staple gun will be needed as well. And most importantly, gauge for wire connection, along with a certain amount of conductors and wire strippers.
3. The Wire
You can't just use any wire for wiring. Just like working permission code, the wiring has its own code too. The wire types that are approved by house building code are CL2/CL2p and CL3/CL3P rated.
You should first design the whole wiring plan to calculate the necessary amount of wire. When it's time for purchase, remember one thing. Always buy an extra bit of wire, it can come handy later. So purchase 10%-20% extra for emergency.
4. Necessary Things for Wall-Mounting
After collecting tools and wire, it's time to think about wall-mounting kit, or brackets to be precise.
You'll need wall-mounting receptacles and brackets to deploy them. So arrange brackets and receptacles. You can use rough-in brackets too for convenient mounting after dry-wall installation. Wall-mounting plates will also be necessary for entry and exit of the wire through walls.
Have a J-box for in-wall work.
5. Check the Wall/Ceiling
With all the things beside you, you're prepared to dig in. But before starting, you must inspect the wall or ceiling properly. It's important so that the wiring doesn't interrupt other electrical lines and water pipe. Use studfinder to detect the safest zone for wiring.
6. Drywall Installation
After confirming that everything's okay for wiring, it's time for cutting drywall.
7. Run the Wire
Now here are some steps that need to be followed:
- While running wire around a door frame, detach the molding, run the wire through the frame and after completing the task, reattach the molding.
- While running it through a basement, drill two holes on the wall/ceiling and drill two other holes on the mounting plate for running the wire through the wall and connecting to the speaker.
- While running it through the baseboard, first pry off the board, then find the studs and make a wire channel. Now install the wire in the channel and put the board back again after completing the work.
- Fish the wire for proper installation.